Many countries have enacted log export ban policies to protect forests or to bolster their domestic timber industry. Below is a non-exhaustive list of export bans, the product scope that the export ban covers, the current status of the ban, when the information was last reviewed and updated, and the source of the information.
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|COUNTRY||PRODUCT SCOPE||STATUS||SOURCE||LAST UPDATED BY WRI|
|Cameroon||Log export ban on more than 20 species of raw logs excluding Ayous.||1999 - Present||Décret no. 99/781 PM du 13 Octobre 1999. Republic of Cameroon.||May 2016|
|Cote d'Ivoire||A ban on the export of logs, including teak.||1999 - Present||Maldonado and Louppe. 2000.||May 2016|
|Gabon||Export ban on logs, boules and through cut logs.||2010 - Present||Hance. 2010.||May 2016|
A ban on felling, harvesting, and exportation of rosewood in 2014. A new national ban on rosewood export since 2017.
|First enacted in 2014; Reactive 2017 - Present||Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources. 2014.; GhanaWeb. 2017.||April 2017|
|Madagascar||Export ban on unworked wood of valuable species such as palissandra and voamboana followed by periodic exceptions; Adopted a decree to stop the export of precious timber from October 2000 for three years (decree N. 11832 / 2000).||Undetermined (first enacted 1975)||Oldfield. 1988.; Schuurman and Lowry. 2009.||May 2016|
An export ban on raw logs.
A temporary ban on all logging.
|Export ban: 2007 - Present; Logging ban: January - June 2017||Hubert. 2014. Mozambique News Agency. 2017.||April 2017|
|Nigeria||Log export ban.||1976 - Present||FAO. 2001.||May 2016|
|Belize||All raw rosewood exports in 1992,but lifted the ban in 1996.||1992 - 1996; 2012 - Present||Statutory Instrument No. 87 of 1992.||May 2016|
|Brazil||Log export ban; moratorium on mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla, CITES Appendix II) exports. Certain wood exports (e.g., imbuia, virola) are subject to specific rules and require prior authorization from the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (Ibama). but plantation logs are allowed for export.||1969 - Present||TED Case Studies, "Brazil deforestation and logging". n.d.||May 2016|
|Bolivia||Export of unprocessed forestry products is subject to restrictions and highly regulated (forest certification mainly).||1996 - Present||WWF. 2015.||May 2016|
|Canada||Restrictions on log exports from British Columbia. There are a variety of federal and provincial regulations regarding log exports.||1906 - Present||Shinn. 1993.||May 2016|
|Colombia||Restrictions on log exports from natural forests. Only roundwood from planted forests can be exported. Restriction have not been well enforced, and large amounts of logs are still exported.||1997 - Present||WWF. 2015.||May 2016|
|Costa Rica||Log export ban, and export ban on roughly squared wood from specific species.||Undetermined (First enacted in 1986)||Kishor, Mani & Constantino. 2001.||May 2016|
|Ecuador||Roundwood export ban, except in limited quantities for scientific and experimental purposes. Semi-finished forest products exports are allowed only when “domestic needs and the minimum levels of industrialization have been met.”||2005 - Present||TRAFFIC. n.d.||May 2016|
|Guatemala||Exports of logs of more than 11 cm in diameter are banned, unless they originate from plantations. Ban does not apply to furniture and processed products made from wood. Guatemala established a national red list of trees to protect in 2006. The 81 species in Category One are banned from export and commercial uses.||2006 - Present||FFI. 2006.||May 2016|
|Honduras||Export ban on hardwood and sawnwood.||Undetermined (First enacted in 1998)||Tacconi, L. Illegal logging: law enforcement, livelihoods and the timber trade. Earthscan, 2012.||May 2016|
|Nicaragua||Precious hardwoods export ban (mahogany, royal cedar and pochote). Mahogany exports are allowed only in the form of sawn wood, plywood or veneered wood. Sawn wood exports require a license.||Undetermined (First enacted 1997)||World Rainforest Movement.1999.||May 2016|
|Panama||Export ban of logs, stumps, roundwood or sawn wood of any species from natural forests, as well as from wood submerged in water.||2002 - Present||WWF. 2015.||May 2016|
|Peru||Log export ban. Export of forest products “in their natural state” is prohibited except when they originate from nurseries, forest plantations, and if they do not require processing for final consumption.||1972 - Present||TRAFFIC. n.d.||May 2016|
|United States||Ban on exports of unprocessed roundwood harvested from federal lands in Alaska; Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act (1990): 100% export ban on logs from Federal lands west of the 100th meridian, except timber surplus to needs, and a ban in 1995 on log exports from State and other public lands (excluding Indian land) west of the 100th meridian.||1926 - Present||Hines. 1987; The Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act. 1990.||May 2016|
Ban of logging in all forests and the export of timber.
|2016 - Present||The Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. 2015.||May 2016|
|Ukraine||10-year ban on the exports of all types of raw logs.||2015 - Present (applying to pine exports from 2017)||Fordaq. 2015. ENPI FLEG II Program. 2017.||April 2017|
|Cambodia||Complete ban on exports of logs and rough timber since 1996, followed by a logging ban within the Permanent Forest Estate in 2002. January 2016 embargo on all timber exports to Vietnam.||1996 - Present||USITC. 2010; Forestry Law. 2002; Channel News Asia. 2016.||August 2016|
|China||Complete ban on commercial logging in all natural forests.||2017 - Present||State Forestry Administration. 2017.||April 2017|
|Fiji||Log export ban in place since 1997. Certain wood and wood products are prohibited for export unless the specified requirements are met.||1997 - Present||Customs Act No. 11 of 1986 (Revised 2010) - Section 64: Prohibited Imports and Exports; Whiteman. 2005.||August 2016|
|Indonesia||Log export ban first issued in 1985 until 1992. Raw log export ban re-activated in 2001, expanded to sawnwood in 2004.||First enacted in 1985; Reactive 2001 - Present||USITC. 2010; Jakarta Globe. 2015; Guritno, Djoko, & Murao. The observation of log export banning policy in Indonesia: Conditions, problems, and alternative solutions. Journal of Forest Research, 1999.||August 2016|
|Laos||A total logging ban in natural forest areas, a harvesting ban for protected species (see citation for a list) and a ban on exporting roundwood from natural forests, but plantation-grown timber can be harvested and exported with the proper paperwork.||First enacted in 1989; Reactive 2015 - Present.||Notice No. 1360. 2015; Decree No. 15. 2016; Vientiane Times. 2015.||August 2016|
|Malaysia||In 1972, a ban was imposed on the export of ten species, and expanded to a blanket ban in 1985 (Peninsular Malaysia). Temporary ban in Sabah from 1993-1996. Logging quota system implemented in Sarawak in 1992.||First enacted in 1972; Reactive 1985 - Present||USITC. 2010; Tachibana. 2000.||August 2016|
|Myanmar||An export ban on raw logs of all species since 2014.||2014 - Present||UNODC. 2015.||August 2016|
|New Zealand||Export ban on indigenous timber (native species from natural forests) logs and woodchips, with certain exceptions outlined in the 1949 Forestry Act and its 1993 and 2004 Amendments.||1993 - Present||New Zealand Forests Act 1949. as amended.||August 2016|
|Papua New Guinea||Export ban on round logs for selected species since 1990. Logs can be exported from concessions given before 2010. There is ban on the export of logs from concessions given after 2010.||First enacted in 1990; Reactive 2010 - Present||Australian Government: Country Specific Guidelines for Papua New Guinea. 2015; Guyana Forestry Commission. 2016.(Page 10)||August 2016|
|Philippines||Log export ban in place since 1986, expanded to include sawnwood in 1989. SInce 1992, a national logging ban on timber extraction in old growth forests and in critical areas such as those on steep slopes (50%+), above 1000m elevation, stream banks (20m sides), and wilderness areas primarily for conservation of biodiversity and gene pools. In 2011 an indefinite ban on the issuance of harvesting permits in natural forests throughout the country.||1986 - Present||Bugayong. 2006; Executive Order 23. 2011; Dauvergne. 1997.||August 2016|
|Sri Lanka||Logging ban in all natural forests.||1990 - Present||Forest Act No. 65. 2009; FAO. 2002.||August 2016|
|Thailand||Ban on timber harvesting and raw log exports from natural forests.||1989 - Present||USITC. 2010; TED Case Studies, “Thailand Log Ban” n.d.||August 2016|
|Vietnam||Log export ban; export ban on sawn timber from natural forests.||1992 - Present||USITC. 2010; FAO. 2001.||August 2016|