Logging and Export Bans

Many countries have enacted log export ban policies to protect forests or to bolster their domestic timber industry. Below is a non-exhaustive list of export bans, the product scope that the export ban covers, the current status of the ban, when the information was last reviewed and updated, and the source of the information.

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COUNTRY PRODUCT SCOPE STATUS SOURCE LAST UPDATED BY WRI
AFRICA
Cameroon Log export ban on more than 20 species of raw logs excluding Ayous. 1999 - Present Décret no. 99/781 PM du 13 Octobre 1999. Republic of Cameroon. May 2016
Cote d'Ivoire A ban on the export of logs, including teak. 1999 - Present Maldonado and Louppe. 2000. May 2016
Gabon Export ban on logs, boules and through cut logs. 2010 - Present Hance. 2010. May 2016
Ghana

A ban on felling, harvesting, and exportation of rosewood in 2014. A new national ban on rosewood export since 2017.

First enacted in 2014; Reactive 2017 - Present Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources. 2014.; GhanaWeb. 2017. April 2017
Madagascar Export ban on unworked wood of valuable species such as palissandra and voamboana followed by periodic exceptions; Adopted a decree to stop the export of precious timber from October 2000 for three years (decree N. 11832 / 2000). Undetermined (first enacted 1975) Oldfield. 1988.; Schuurman and Lowry. 2009. May 2016
Mozambique

An export ban on raw logs.

A temporary ban on all logging. 

Export ban: 2007 - Present; Logging ban: January - June 2017 Hubert. 2014. Mozambique News Agency. 2017. April 2017
Nigeria Log export ban. 1976 - Present FAO. 2001. May 2016
AMERICAS
Belize All raw rosewood exports in 1992,but lifted the ban in 1996. A new ban on the harvest and export of rosewood in 2012. 1992 - 1996; 2012 - Present CITES CoP17 Prop.55. 2016. August 2017
Brazil Log export ban; moratorium on mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla, CITES Appendix II) exports. Certain wood exports (e.g., imbuia, virola) are subject to specific rules and require prior authorization from the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (Ibama). but plantation logs are allowed for export. 1969 - Present TED Case Studies, "Brazil deforestation and logging". n.d. May 2016
Bolivia Export of unprocessed forestry products is subject to restrictions and highly regulated (forest certification mainly). 1996 - Present WWF. 2015. May 2016
Canada Restrictions on log exports from British Columbia. There are a variety of federal and provincial regulations regarding log exports. 1906 - Present Shinn. 1993. May 2016
Colombia Restrictions on log exports from natural forests. Only roundwood from planted forests can be exported. Restriction have not been well enforced, and large amounts of logs are still exported. 1997 - Present WWF. 2015. May 2016
Costa Rica Log export ban, and export ban on roughly squared wood from specific species. Undetermined (First enacted in 1986) Kishor, Mani & Constantino. 2001. May 2016
Ecuador Roundwood export ban, except in limited quantities for scientific and experimental purposes. Semi-finished forest products exports are allowed only when “domestic needs and the minimum levels of industrialization have been met.” 2005 - Present TRAFFIC. n.d. May 2016
Guatemala Exports of logs of more than 11 cm in diameter are banned, unless they originate from plantations. Ban does not apply to furniture and processed products made from wood. Guatemala established a national red list of trees to protect in 2006. The 81 species in Category One are banned from export and commercial uses. 2006 - Present FFI. 2006. May 2016
Honduras Export ban on hardwood and sawnwood. Undetermined (First enacted in 1998) Tacconi, L. Illegal logging: law enforcement, livelihoods and the timber trade. Earthscan, 2012. May 2016
Nicaragua Precious hardwoods export ban (mahogany, royal cedar and pochote). Mahogany exports are allowed only in the form of sawn wood, plywood or veneered wood. Sawn wood exports require a license. Undetermined (First enacted 1997) World Rainforest Movement.1999. May 2016
Panama Export ban of logs, stumps, roundwood or sawn wood of any species from natural forests, as well as from wood submerged in water. 2002 - Present WWF. 2015. May 2016
Peru Log export ban. Export of forest products “in their natural state” is prohibited except when they originate from nurseries, forest plantations, and if they do not require processing for final consumption. 1972 - Present TRAFFIC. n.d. May 2016
United States Ban on exports of unprocessed roundwood harvested from federal lands in Alaska; Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act (1990): 100% export ban on logs from Federal lands west of the 100th meridian, except timber surplus to needs, and a ban in 1995 on log exports from State and other public lands (excluding Indian land) west of the 100th meridian. 1926 - Present Hines. 1987; The Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act. 1990. May 2016
EUROPE
Albania

Ban of logging in all forests and the export of timber.

2016 - Present The Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. 2015. May 2016
Croatia A two-year export ban on oak logs and oak timber with a moisture content of more than 20%. The regulation applies to both trimmed as well as untrimmed products. 2017 - Present EUWID Wood Products and Panels. 2017. August 2017
Ukraine 10-year ban on the exports of all types of raw logs. 2015 - Present (applying to pine exports from 2017) Fordaq. 2015. ENPI FLEG II Program. 2017. April 2017
ASIA PACIFIC
Cambodia Complete ban on exports of logs and rough timber since 1996, followed by a logging ban within the Permanent Forest Estate in 2002. January 2016 embargo on all timber exports to Vietnam. 1996 - Present USITC. 2010; Forestry Law. 2002; Channel News Asia. 2016. August 2016
China Complete ban on commercial logging in all natural forests. 2017 - Present State Forestry Administration. 2017. April 2017
Fiji Log export ban in place since 1997. Certain wood and wood products are prohibited for export unless the specified requirements are met. 1997 - Present Customs Act No. 11 of 1986 (Revised 2010) - Section 64: Prohibited Imports and ExportsWhiteman. 2005. August 2016
Indonesia Log export ban first issued in 1985 until 1992. Raw log export ban re-activated in 2001, expanded to sawnwood in 2004. First enacted in 1985; Reactive 2001 - Present USITC. 2010; Jakarta Globe. 2015; Guritno, Djoko, & Murao. The observation of log export banning policy in Indonesia: Conditions, problems, and alternative solutions. Journal of Forest Research, 1999. August 2016
Laos A total logging ban in natural forest areas, a harvesting ban for protected species (see citation for a list) and a ban on exporting roundwood from natural forests, but plantation-grown timber can be harvested and exported with the proper paperwork. First enacted in 1989; Reactive 2015 - Present. Notice No. 1360. 2015; Decree No. 15. 2016;  Vientiane Times. 2015. August 2016
Malaysia In 1972, a ban was imposed on the export of ten species, and expanded to a blanket ban in 1985 (Peninsular Malaysia). Temporary ban in Sabah from 1993-1996. The export of rubberwood is recently banned. First enacted in 1972; Reactive 1985 - Present; Rubberwood export ban: July 1, 2017 - Present USITC. 2010; Tachibana. 2000.;The Star Online. 2017. July 2017
Myanmar An export ban on raw logs of all species since 2014. 2014 - Present UNODC. 2015. August 2016
New Zealand Export ban on indigenous timber (native species from natural forests) logs and woodchips, with certain exceptions outlined in the 1949 Forestry Act and its 1993 and 2004 Amendments. 1993 - Present New Zealand Forests Act 1949. as amended. August 2016
Papua New Guinea Export ban on round logs for selected species since 1990. Logs can be exported from concessions given before 2010. There is ban on the export of logs from concessions given after 2010. First enacted in 1990; Reactive 2010 - Present Australian Government: Country Specific Guidelines for Papua New Guinea. 2015; Guyana Forestry Commission. 2016.(Page 10) August 2016
Philippines A ban on cutting and harvesting in natural and residual forests throughout the country. 2011 - Present Executive Order 23. 2011 August 2017
Sri Lanka Logging ban in all natural forests. 1990 - Present FAO. 2002. August 2017
Thailand Ban on timber harvesting and raw log exports from natural forests. 1989 - Present USITC. 2010 August 2017
Vietnam Log export ban; export ban on sawn timber from natural forests. 1992 - Present USITC. 2010; FAO. 2001. August 2016